Dyslexia Defined: Dyslexia is a specific learning disorder that affects reading and writing. Children with
dyslexia have difficulty decoding written words and are generally poor spellers.
A learning disorder can be considered dyslexia if a child does not have a language impairment,
nor an intellectual disability, and has received effective classroom instruction, but continues to have
great difficulty with the phonological aspect of language.
Another area that contributes to reading disorder is what is known as RAN, or
Rapid Automatic Naming.
Children with dyslexia are not fluent readers (which means reading is very much stop/start)
and have difficulty recognizing words they have previously learnt.
Dyslexia is now thought to have a neurological cause. Recent studies indicate that children
with dyslexia use different parts of brain physiology, compared to typical readers. (Wolf, 2008)
In layman's terms, children with dyslexia have trouble reading and writing, and there really is no good
reason why this should be. Dyslexia is not correlated with a child's social background either.
Children with dyslexia can come from a variety of different backgrounds.
It's a puzzle. Parents of children with dyslexia may have read books to their kids dutifully
since they were babies, and immersed their children in language rich activities throughout their
Yet, when these children begin school, it soon becomes apparent that despite their cleverness, and often
excellent oral and social language skills, they can't crack the alphabetic code.
Dyslexia also has quite devastating consequences on critical skills such as
, inferencing and
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